Angel "Java" Lopez en Blog

8 de Agosto, 2014

Publicado el 8 de Agosto, 2014, 13:33

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Veamos cómo Heisenberg se aproxima a su gran idea. Más adelante leo:

In atomic physics, likewise, the winter of 1924-1925 had obviously brought us to a realm where the fog was thick but where some light had begun to filter through and held out the promise of exciting new vistas.

Habiendo trabajado en Copenhague con Kramers, vuelve a Gotinga. Tratando de avanzar, vio el camino a seguir: ignorar las órbitas electrónicas y concentrarse en las frecuencias Y amplitudes de las líneas espectrales observadas, por lo menos del átomo de hidrógeno. Esa fue una gran decisión que lo llevaría a su modelo. Leo:

 In the summer term of 1925, when I resumed my research work at the University of Gottingen-since July 1924 I had been Privatdozent at that university-I made a first attempt to guess what formulae would enable one to express the line intensities of the hydrogen spectrum, using more or less the same methods that had proved so fruitful in my work with Kramers in Copenhagen. This attempt led to a dead end-I found myself in an impenetrable morass of complicated mathematical equations, with no way out. But the work helped to convince me of one thing: that one ought to ignore the problem of electron orbits inside the atom, and treat the frequencies and amplitudes associated with the line intensities as perfectly good substitutes. In any case, these magnitudes could be observed directly, and as my friend Otto had pointed out when expounding on Einstein's theory during our bicycle tour round Lake Walchensee, physicists must consider none but observable magnitudes when trying to solve the atomic puzzle...

Tengo que comentar sobre ese amigo Otto, que lo nombra en un capítulo anterior.

.. My attempt to apply this scheme to the hydrogen atom had come to grief on the complications of this particular problem. Accordingly, I looked for a simpler mathematical system and found it in the pendulum, whose oscillations could serve as a model for the molecular vibrations treated by atomic physics. My work along these lines was advanced rather than retarded by an unfortunate personal setback.

Veremos en el próximo post el problema de salud que tuvo. Pero un comentario: no sólo se dedicó al péndulo, sino al oscilador anarmónico. No tomó el camino del oscilador armónico. Tengo que revisar las razones, expuestas en el libro de van der Waerden, Sources of Quantum Mechanics

Nos leemos!

Angel "Java" Lopez

Por ajlopez, en: Ciencia